Op 6 en 7 april vindt het seminar 'Boundaries of history' plaats op de Higher School of Economics in Sint-Petersburg. Het NIP nodigde hiervoor Kiri Paramore van de Universiteit Leiden uit, die zal spreken over Confuciaans fascisme.
|Startdatum||6 april 2017|
|Einddatum||7 april 2017|
Abstract van de lezing (Engelstalig): the focus of the lecture will be on the relationship between fascism and the transnational Asian tradition of Confucianism. Confucianism was harnessed by fascist movements in a number of countries throughout East and Southeast Asia during the twentieth century. It was centrally deployed as part of the ideology of Japanese fascism in the 1930s and 40s, not only in Japan proper, but throughout occupied continental Asia. Republic of China ideologues also replicated elements of this ideological employment, as did authoritarian developmentalist regimes in other parts of Asia during the Cold War. This presentation analyzes the links between these different WWII, trans-war, and post-Cold War manifestations of Confucian fascism in modern Asian history, and also touches on their position in mainland Chinese political discourse today. It also explores concrete links between these Asian examples and fascist employments of religious culture in other parts of the world, notably in trans-war France through Action française and its post-war sympathizers’ employment of Catholicism and Christian culture in general.
Histories of fascism too often accept a definition of it based on its own propaganda – notably their claims to cultural particularism, national tradition, and unique patterns of socio-economic development. This presentation rather treats fascism as an inherently global phenomenon which has appeared in nearly every country during industrial high capitalism. It is a global universal, not culturally specific form of politics, and one which often rebrands formerly universalist traditions, for instance Christianity, but also Confucianism, with culturally specific symbolisms of reactionary xenophobia.
Kiri Paramore is universitair docent Geschiedenis en Asian Studies aan de Universiteit Leiden. Hij studeerde History of Political Thought aan de Universiteit van Tokyo, waar hij in 2006 promoveerde. Hij ontving beurzen en fellowships van het Institute of Chinese Literature and Philosophy aan de Academia Sinica in Taipei (2011-2012), het Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California in Berkeley (2011) en verscheidene universiteiten in Tokyo. Hij is de auteur van Japanese Confucianism: A Cultural History (2016), Ideology and Christianity in Japan (2009, als redacteur) en Religion and Orientalism in Asian Studies (2016).